Impact On Business
By injecting an HTTP request as a prefix into a victim’s request, a malicious user is able to cause damage in different ways, such as producing a Denial of Service by setting an invalid request as a prefix.
It is also possible to inject a valid prefixed request that will include the victim’s information from its original request. This can be leveraged to perform malicious requests with the victim’s credentials or information, or even steal user data.
HTTP smuggling can also be combined with other vulnerabilities such as a XSS or reflected content (not vulnerability by itself), by injecting a request to the vulnerable application/web page as a prefix . If the attacker is able to set the prefix of the victim request and also knows a reflected XSS (it can also work with other content reflection), then the response will include a malicious script that will be executed on the victim's browser.
This vulnerability is also useful to perform Web Cache Poisoning.
The HTTP caches in the different layers will see valid requests for which the response should be stored (considered static), but the actual request is modified by the prefix of the attacker to retrieve another resource, which should not be stored in the cache.
As an example, if a user requests an image, the server will probably cache the response as the resource is static. However, if this request is prefixed by another request which returns sensible data, such as personal information, then this response will be stored in the cache. Therefore, when the attacker requests the same image, all the victim's personal information will be retrieved.
Finally, a critical information disclosure could end up in session hijacking and further attacks. This can be performed by combining HTTP Desynchronization with Open Redirect, and use the victim's request as the parameter of the redirect location. This would force the victim to send its original request to the attacker, including critical data such as session cookies or query parameters.
Affected Components Description
The SAP Web dispatcher works as a frontend server between the Internet and one or more backend systems. Which consists of one or more SAP Netweaver ABAP, SAP Netweaver JAVA, SAP HANA, as well as third party application servers.
An HTTP desynchronization vulnerability, TE.CL type, is present in SAP Web Dispatcher if the parameter ```wdisp/HTTP/use_pool_for_new_conn``` is enabled.
Pool connection related SAP Note :
- 2007212 - Tuning SAP Web Dispatcher and ICM for high load
- 953784 - SAP Web Dispatcher Connection Pooling
If an attacker sends both HTTP headers "Content-Length" (CL) and "Transfer-Encoding" (TE) in the same HTTP request, the SAP Webdispatcher processes the TE header and treats the message body as using chunked encoding. This request is forwarded on to the SAP system ICM service, which processes only the CL header and determines the body size with it. The rest of the request is left unprocessed and the ICM will treat it as being the start of the next request in the sequence.
This can be leveraged to gain control of requests issued by other users, and obtain sensitive information by retrieving the victim's requests and responses.
SAP has released SAP Note 3080567 which provides patched versions of the affected components.
The patches can be downloaded from https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/notes/3080567
Onapsis strongly recommends SAP customers to download the related security fixes and apply them to the affected components in order to reduce business risks.
07/12/2021: Onapsis sends details to SAP
07/12/2021: SAP provides internal ID
08/09/2021: Vulnerability in progress
09/14/2021: SAP releases SAP Note fixing the issue.
05/04/2022: Advisory published.
- Public Release Date: 04/05/2022
- Security Advisory ID: ONAPSIS-2022-0001
- Vulnerability Submission ID: 900, 901, 902
- Researcher(s): Martin Doyhenard, Yvan Genuer
- Vendor: SAP
- Vulnerability Class: CWE-444
- CVSS v3 score: 8.9 AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:L
- Severity: High
- CVE: CVE-2021-38162
- Vendor patch Information: SAP Security NOTE 3080567
ABOUT OUR RESEARCH LABS
Onapsis Research Labs provides the industry analysis of key security issues that impact mission-critical systems and applications.
Delivering frequent and timely security and compliance advisories with associated risk levels, Onapsis Research Labs combine in-depth knowledge
and experience to deliver technical and business-context with sound security judgment to the broader information security community.
Find all reported vulnerabilities at https://github.com/Onapsis/vulnerability_advisories
This advisory is licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 BY-ND International License